When “MAS” becomes minus
By Rafael Bautista S.*
An unjust and even useless war has been unleashed (against Vice President David Choquehuanca), because what it will cause is not even to put an end to the so-called “competence” of the “single leader”, but rather to disarticulate irremediably the popular bloc.
Manichaeism is disastrous in politics, especially on the left.
This was one of the reasons contributing to the coup, as dogmatic zeal and “llunkerío” led to censorship of internal deliberation and criticism, as well as to expropriating political decision-making power from the people and removing them from his main role; in this way, the government itself was deprived of noticing the huge mistakes and even the betrayals which, consequently, caused growing disenchantment in the popular camp, disabling its anticipated organic response to the escalating coup d’etat of 2019.
It is good to remember that in politics, the actors are not valid for themselves but for what they represent; to believe that we are fighting against the people is to reduce politics to pure Manichaeism, where fundamentalism leads us to war as the only scenario. What political actors represent are perspectives and projects; not knowing how to distinguish between them leads, in political zeal, to their own suicide.
In this sense, the current and false dispute for leadership (in addition to being unnecessarily premature) will only lead us to mismanagement, mediated by an anachronistic leadership drunk on power, which cannot come out of the stupor of having been displaced and illegitimately seizes the powers of a parallel government, using a government trapped in confusion.
This blindness leads us not only to anachronism (since this new moment of the “process” is based on another founding event, the resistance and defeat of the putsch and the dictatorship), but also to the abduction of political horizon itself, because the blackmail is obvious: “if it’s not with me, it’s not with anyone”. This is why the new event also called for a new kind of leadership. Not just a change of leader, but a redefinition of what it means to be a leader.
A new moment in the process of change means the restitution of the plurinational horizon, decolonization and good living. And what Vice President Choquehuanca represents is precisely that. Because it is what redefined the “change process” and rediscovered its initial banners; the one who made possible the resistance to the putsch of 2019 and the democratic recovery of 2020.
Consequently, the unleashed marginalization and defamation against the vice president not only dangerously divides the popular organizations and disarticulates the unity of the people as a political bloc, but, what is more serious, shifts the popular horizon for the calculation the rudest and most pedestrian political. , that is to say the reconquest of power at all costs.
Who has an interest in dismantling the popular bloc? In a hypothetical situation, of attrition caused by belligerence and growing conflict, not so much from the right but, unfortunately, from the MAS itself, ungovernability would once again only obtain than the undeserved return of the right; thus the left, in this case the MAS, would reaffirm its eternal curse: once again, the popular horizon for the fascist enjoyment of a right in power.
If there is one thing that has been diluted, unfortunately, in the last two administrations of the “government of change”, it is indeed the political horizon that was embodied in the new constitution: the plurinational project of ” live well “. And if something sums up this horizon, draws it in a diverse and plural way, and animates it as something alive and promising, it is the Wiphala. This is why the fascists were so furious with the Wiphala, because the spirit of the Plurinational State had to be reborn in it.
Without spirit, that is, without ajayu, people cease to be subjects and therefore they only obey and submit, they become objects. A people who recover their ajayu do not submit; and that is what defeated the coup and the dictatorship: the recovery of our ajayu, the qamasa, our amuyu, the saphi, our thakhi. Finding our spirit meant finding our strength, our power, our thinking, our roots and our way. As a people, we defeated the coup and the dictatorship. The political acronym did not win, much less the political leadership moved. The triumph was that of the people, as a self-convoked people, demonstrating, once again, its democratic vocation, restoring the plurinational state and its indigenous-popular content.
This is what Vice President Choquehuanca represents; this is why it was he who rearticulated the popular vote around the MAS (as did Felipe Quispe, the Mallkus, or Orlando Gutiérrez, leaders despised by the management), restoring lost confidence and deferred hope.
The people, with the defeat of the coup and the dictatorship, opened a new moment in the “process of change”; a new moment that positioned new actors and new leaderships, reestablishing the deferred plurinational content of the State, of “good living” and of decolonization.
This new moment was to consolidate people power as an ongoing deliberative exercise of democratic and cultural revolution. But once again the scent of triumph awoke in the remnants of the previous leadership the illusion that the triumph was theirs and that the people had voted for them. The blunder was manifested in the sub-national elections, when the “dedazo” was again imposed and again cornered the people, who only obeyed the decisions taken by the leadership, which led to a new failure.
Popular resistance has been ignored and marginalized, in the same way that one tries to marginalize, through deception, the person who appears as the new articulator of the necessary new leadership required by a process that is reborn in the worst case scenario, as the hybrid balkanizing blow.
The binomial proposed by the people was, like the new constitution, “opened up” and revised in illegitimate decision-making spaces by those who, having abandoned the people, still claimed power, always on the margins of popular decision-making. . The “evismo” imposes its presence in this new moment and, by force, insists on a leadership that will only provoke growing rejection, uniting the right, thanks to this misguided insistence.
The people bet on the MAS, because the right had made this acronym a racial stigma that unleashed the urban fascist lordly hatred against the people themselves. The fascist right seized political power with overt arrogance because they believed it would stay forever; that’s why he stole with impunity, because in his calculations, the people had been defeated because, again, they believed that by putting an end to someone who had been pointed, he would put an end to the others.
Two terrible political readings that transcend opposing ideologies and show that their disagreements coincide in their political calculations. For the same wickedness they had for Evo, now his followers and even himself unleash it on the one who now synthesizes the recovery of the plurinational horizon.
In this way, the MAS not only undermines its own political projection, but also endangers the newfound democracy itself; in such a scenario, the right does not need an offensive strategy, it is enough for it to see, from afar, the internal struggles (caused by the desire for absolute power) in the organizations.
When we evoked, in previous essays, the rightwardization of the government of change, we underlined the incapacity to distinguish between the plurinational project, as a political horizon, and the government of the MAS, as its circumstantial political will; this led to confusing the project with the leader.
But true leadership is that which disappears, that is to say, that which knows how to withdraw behind the people and give them their place, making the people the subject and the definitive actor, the creator of their own transformation. This is why the true leader is the one who knows how to strengthen the historico-political capacities of the people, to awaken their own power, their power and their self-determination. This is why he can retire with dignity, covered with the joy of a grateful people, becoming an adviser and a mentor, an example always to be followed.
This is why the fury unleashed against the vice president is not unusual; because it is not in the interest of any elite in power that someone sows wise rebellion, critical thinking, the decolonization of power, the culture of life, free thought, etc. in the basis.
Political calculus, which is the credo of traditional politicians and is all about accumulating more power, has every interest in converting education into mere basic information. Every ruling elite is not interested in educating the people, only in getting them to walk and vote. In this regard, left and right are no different; their historical behavior has also been consistent with the aristocratic bet, in contempt of the people.
This is why the putsch disconcerted a people who were already suffering from the disenchantment of seeing their political expectations reduced. Only the Wiphala, its unworthy defenestration, could make possible the restoration of a humbled spirit.
Then people were able to activate their millennial memory and ascend to the pinnacle of historical self-awareness, raising the Wiphala, like those who raise their dejected bodies.
We are in another time, the time of Pachakuti, of the reversal of the world.
This is why the vice-president speaks a language that the media does not understand, he makes a policy which disturbs the orthodox and even presents himself as an “articulator” of the new young leaders.
This new moment was decided by him. This is why the war unleashed is unjust and unnecessary. What it represents is what the youth of change itself gives birth to as a definitive horizon: “living well” as a new way of life, as a real alternative to the civilizational collapse of the modern Western world. An incomprehensible horizon for the traditional managements, which talk too much, but no longer say anything.
*Currently Director of Geopolitics at the Bolivian Vice-Presidency.